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Образец эссе с аргументацией «за» и «против»

ЗАДАНИЕ:



In western countries after secondary school, students very often do not continue immediately with their studies, but they take a one year break, called a ‘gap year’, when they travel or do voluntary work. Write an argumentative essay presenting arguments for and against the gap year.


Образец эссе:



Введение

в тему

In today’s world of fierce competition, it is important for young people to get well-prepared for the challenges of the future. Thus the institution of gap year can be regarded as a step in the right direction though it is also not without its problems.



Аргументы

«за»

In its favour, the gap year seems to be useful psychologically as it helps young people understand their needs and interest better before they actually commit themselves to any particular career path. Besides, the gap year has educational advantages because it offers a lot of opportunities to learn about the world and one’s own place in it. For all these reasons, the gap year can be regarded as a positive social institution.



Аргументы

«против»

However, as critics are quick to point out, the gap year can in fact be harmful as it interrupts with the rhythm of learning and often makes it difficult for students to return to their studies. Apart from that, unfortunately not every young person can afford to travel around the world and many of them end up sitting around at home, which can be very demotivating.



Заключение

All in all, the gap year may arouse mixed feelings, but still thousands of people every year take a year off. One can only hope they will use it fruitfully, minimizing the dangers and taking full advantage of its benefits.



При копировании не забывайте делать ссылку на сайт: http://study-english.info/phrases.php#ixzz2hhICtZky 
http://study-english.info/phrases.php 

Характерные черты эссе с аргументацией «за» и «против»

Рекомендуемые вводные фразы

1. Введение: начните с общего представления темы (In today’s world… it is important) и предложения, выражающего её двойственный характер (It can be regarded as… but not without its problems).

1. Введение: The problem / issue / phenomenon of… is / has always been…, People always say / have always thought / agreed /said / believed…, It is a controversial / burning / hot question…, There is no agreement…

2. Основная часть: представьте аргументы «за» (In its favour) и затем аргументы «против» (However, critics are quick to point out). Как показано в образце, вы можете представить аргументы «за» и «против» в отдельных абзацах. Старайтесь, представлять их симметрично (например, социальные, образовательные и психологические аспекты проблемы). Помните, что эссе такого типа требует сбалансированной аргументации.

2. Основная часть:

Типичные союзы и союзные обороты:

on the one hand… on the other hand; Firstly, To begin with, Secondly, Finally; In addition, Besides, Moreover, What is more, Furthermore; However, Despite this, In spite of this; In fact, As a matter of fact; As a result, Consequently

Другие выражения: One major advantage is…, As advocates of…claim / argue, As critics point out / claim…, There are a number of disadvantages / weaknesses / drawbacks / downsides

3. Заключение: четко подведите итог сказанному (All in all) и снова напишите предложение, отражающее противоречивость темы, но в то же время выражающее надежду на нахождение компромисса (One can hope … minimizing the danger and talking full advantage of benefits).

3. Заключение: All in all, To sum up, In conclusion, In summary, In general; it seems important to add/point out/remind that…, the issue / debate is far from...



При копировании не забывайте делать ссылку на сайт: http://study-english.info/phrases.php#ixzz2hhICtZky 
http://study-english.info/phrases.php 





Источник: http://study-english.info/phrases.php
Категория: Подготовка к ГИА и ЕГЭ | Добавил: Ирина (14.10.2013)
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