изучаемого языка и родная страна.
Раздел 2. (задания по
Прочитайте тексты и
установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами А–G. Запишите свои ответы в
таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один
A. The poetry of Anna Akhmatova can be
called "the book of woman’s soul”. At the turn of the centuries – 19th and 20th,
on the edge of the great revolution, in the epoch having two world wars, there
appeared, formed and developed perhaps the most significant female poetry in
the history of the new time. Do we really need to distinguish between "male”
and "female” poetry? Of course the great poetry is all-human, but it will
hardly be possible to understand Akhmatova’s work not taking into consideration
its female character. And the main explanation of it is in the world and
Russian history itself – it was for the very first time that a woman had a
poetic voice of such strength. "I taught women to speak”, – noticed Akhmatova
in one of her epigrams.
B. There is no doubt that practically
every person in the entire world knows Tchaikovsky as one of the most famous
composers of all time. He is a real genius and ranked among such unsurpassable
masters as Mozart, Beethoven, and Bach. And yet, he didn’t have an easy life.
Few people know about his searches, failures and success, his delight and his
despair. If you are in Russia you’ll probably be visiting one of his beautiful
and striking ballets or operas – Swan Lake, Nutcracker, Sleeping beauty, Eugene
Onegin, or Queen of Spades listening to which is great pleasure and experience
of a lifetime.
C. Valentin Serov was considered to be
the greatest portraitist of his time. He has been extremely revered both in Russia and
abroad. Serov continued the traditions of late nineteenth-century realist
portraiture influenced by late Impressionism. While creating his early works
that resemble Renoir in a way, he did not know about the existence of the new
trend called Impressionism. Serov painted a brilliant gallery of portraits that
are among the most treasured exhibits in the Russian Museum in St Petersburg
and the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.
D. Roman Abramovich is a Russian multi-billionaire
who owns the private investment company Millhouse LLC. Born in Soviet Russia
and orphaned at the age of two, he was raised by an uncle and his family in
Ukhta, N Russia. While still a student he set
up a small company producing plastic toys, and its success enabled him to found
an oil company later the fourth biggest in the world. Roman was elected twice to
the Russian parliament representing Chukotka. Among his many homes is a country
estate in Sussex, and he has
become a familiar face in England
since his acquisition of Chelsea Football Club in 2003.
E. Catherine II, often called Catherine
the Great, the Russian empress under whose reign Russia
expanded its territories and was modernized following the example of Western Europe. Catherine started out as a minor German
princess. She grew up in Stettin in a small
principality called Anhalt-Zebst. Her father, Christian August, was a prince of
this tiny dominion, but he gained more fame for his military career. He served
as a general for Frederick William I of Prussia. Catherine II’s mother, had
little interest in her daughter.
F. Anna Kournikova is a Russian
professional tennis player. She was competing in the juniors since 9. She
subsequently won several international junior tennis tournaments and was
declared the Junior European Champion and Junior World Champion in 1995. In
1999, she won two Grand Slam doubles titles with a partner. However, she was
soon ranking quite low in tournaments. Despite her losing record, her fame grew
thanks to her modeling career and personal life.
G. Nikita Khrushchev became Premier of
the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. In a 1956 "secret speech,” he
discussed Stalin’s crimes for the first time, starting a process called ‘de-Stalinization.’
He also visited the West, putting a smiling face on his brand of ‘Reformed
Communism.’ But he is more famous for provoking the Cuban Missile Crisis and
his frightening speech in the white House.
Прочитайте текст. Определите,
какие из приведённых утверждений А7–А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 –
True), какие не
соответствуют (2 – False)
и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основания текста нельзя дать ни
положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated).
Peter the Great
Born in Moscow,
Russia on June
9, 1672, Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th
Restoring a Red
it was built by Ivan the Terrible, St Basil’s Cathedral with its host of
multi-coloured domes has been one of the most recognizable buildings in all of Russia. Today it is covered with green
dust-netting. Builders shout to each other, as they winch materials to the top
of one of St Basil’s towers. "It's like a visual icon of Red
Square. I think it’s beautiful,” says an American tourist gazing
up at the building.
A three-year restoration project on
the cathedral’s exterior is just coming to an end. But inside, the walls –
built over 400 years ago – are slowly cracking. There are fears Russia is in
danger of losing its most famous landmark. If you walk up the dark and narrow
staircase in the centre of St Basil’s, you emerge in one of the nine separate
chapels inside the building. The walls are covered in old paintings and
frescoes. But long cracks run through the brickwork. A report commissioned by
the Russian Government has said the cathedral is slowly sinking into the ground
and cracking apart. It warns St Basil’s could fall into ruin if its foundations
are not strengthened.
The earth under the cathedral is
more solid in some places than others. As a result the cathedral has settled
unevenly over the years. So that’s why there are these cracks.
The use of Red
Square for huge public events has also helped weaken St Basil’s
foundations. During the Soviet years massive military parades were held here.
Squadrons of tanks and missiles launchers would grind their way past the
cathedral. In more recent years it has been used as the venue for rock concerts
by the likes of Paul McCartney.
"When tanks used to cross Red Square we could feel everything shake,” says Igor
Mitichkin, the man responsible for the upkeep of all the monuments around the
"Thank God there aren’t tanks any
more. Gun salutes don’t really have any effect on the buildings. But rock
concerts, if they are too loud, they do.”
Right across the road from St Basil’s
is Number Five, Red Square. It is a long
cream-coloured building with a green tiled roof, and a commanding view of the
cathedral and the Kremlin.
There are plans to turn it into a
giant hotel complex with an underground car park big enough for 600 vehicles.
The cathedral’s curator, Lybov
Uspenskaya, says she has not been consulted about the plans for the hotel so
has no way of knowing if they might further undermine St Basil’s.
"Nobody has showed us any plans for
the development. As for who’s in charge of it, they have nothing to do with us.
We don’t even know which authorities are handling the project.”
Mrs Uspenskaya is not going to
question the new development. It is not her place to do so she says. Instead
she will wait and then fix any new damage that is done to cathedral.
But she insists St Basil’s will
still be standing as a symbol of Russia for centuries to come.
A 7 St Basil’s Cathedral was built during the
reign of Ivan the Great.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A 8 The building of St
Basil’s Cathedral is the most recognizable Russian construction.
A 9 Now St Basil’s Cathedral is being rebuilt.
A 10 All
visitors of Red Square admire the beauty of St Basil’s Cathedral.
A 11 The basement of St Basil’s Cathedral need fixing.
1) True 2) False 3)
A 12 The basement of St Basil’s Cathedral is not evenly grounded
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A 13 Military parades have lead
to cracks all over the inside walls of the cathedral.
A 14 Rock concerts do not do
any harm to the building.